Sub-Lt Donald Harold Godwin, HMCS VALLEYFIELD, of Hamilton, ON - MID Article on VALLEYFIELD survivors . Only 15 early model radars were fitted to Canadian corvettes before the end of the year, and communications remained a major impediment: in mid-October, Shediac missed a flag signal ordering a change in convoy course and the next morning found itself alone at sea. Engine Room and Electrical Artificers (rated 1st through 4th class) also ranked as chief petty officers, and wore Class I uniform without specialty badges as well, but with plain cuffs. Besides the Channel-clearing effort, the RCN committed four support groups to this campaign. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Asdic is now known as sonar. Flying Officer Royal Canadian Air Force Hespeler [R] Ball Robert G. Sergeant Bombardier Royal Canadian Air Force Preston [H] Ballantyne Archie M. Private 1st Battalion, Highland By then the carnage in the mid-ocean had ended and the Germans had temporarily abandoned pack attacks. 5 The class designation followed British usage; Canadian frigates generally were named after Canadian towns, with destroyers taking river names. EG-9 was sent to help. World War 2 Two II WW2 WWII. He is buried in Malta Naval … stoker-1st-class-frederick-sears-royal-navy Free Account Registration To view the record for Ernest W Sears you must be a Full Access Member , take the first step here. C-2 circled the U-boat that night, maintaining asdic contact and waiting for first light to renew its attacks. In September, U-517 and U-165 moved into the St. Lawrence River and let the convoys come to them. There was little in the first year of the war to suggest that submarines were a major … Perhaps for that reason, problems in the navy’s other major effort, in the mid-ocean, remained a secret for 40 years. Meanwhile, the final German pack assault on the transatlantic convoys fizzled out, hounded and beaten by Allied naval and air power — and watched again from the sidelines by the RCN. The U-boat was subsequently abandoned and the RCN was awarded credit. Chief Petty Officer Bernard Henry Ellis, No. These destroyers soon joined escort forces for convoys in the Western Approaches. The British had long suspected that the Canadians were aggressive but misguided and ONS-127 seemed to confirm that. Portside view of the frigate HMCS Annan (K404). Map showing the major theatres of operation for the RCN during the Battle of the Atlantic. Two more U-boat kills followed that summer. The Germans claimed a great victory in the battle for ONS-18/ON-202, but the truth was quite different: three escorts and six merchant vessels were lost, but so were two U-boats. But it was not an easy or direct path. Whilst Stoker 1st Class George Morgan survived the actions of March 1942, he was to die just 6 weeks later during HMS Trinidad’s attempts to return home (via Philadelphia where it would undergo further repairs and a refit). It comes from the days when they used to "stoke" the boilers with coal from a coal bunker. Died: Saturday 17 March 1917 (aged 22) Connected records. By the time U-132 arrived in the St. Lawrence River in early July, traffic was moving in convoys. Hello all, My Grandfather served with HMS Pembroke II from 1902 until 1922. By the spring of 1941, the British had pushed anti-submarine escort of transatlantic convoys to south of Iceland, leaving a gap between there and the limits of RCN escorts on the Grand Banks. A three-bladed ship's propeller badge has had the following Royal Navy trade titles: Stoker (1890 - 1932); Stoker, 2nd Class (1890 - 1947); Stoker (1947 - 1955); Engineering Mechanic, 2nd Class (1955 - 1971); Marine Engineering Mechanic (1971 - 1979); Marine Engineering Mechanic, New Entrant (1979 - 1994). But when they stopped sinking U-boats, the RCN mid-ocean effort came to be judged by its ability — or inability — to defend convoys. It was only partially successful, and it may simply have been the aggressive patrolling by Saguenay and Skeena during the transit that kept the pack at bay. When the U-boat packs returned to the mid-ocean briefly in May, to see what was going on, they easily found Canadian escorted convoys but did not find them easy targets. "Gloucester," 6th and 7th August, 1914:. This included complete minesweeping equipment, a single magnetic compass and the most basic of asdic, the type 123A. Friday January 1st 1915. The British escorted more than their share of the slow westbound convoys (17 out of 21), but westbound speeds were nominal: all ships steaming in ballast against prevailing winds were slow. In late December, ONS-154, escorted by C-1, was routed through the widest portion of the air gap, battered by the tail end of a hurricane, and beset by 20 U-boats. Anyone who has not served in the military may be completely caught out by an ‘Artificer’ or ‘Farrier-Sergeant’ in military records. Moose Jaw eventually rammed it, then used its guns to keep the Germans from manning their armament. The entry of the United States into the war opened-up a vast new theatre for enemy operations, and by the end of January 1942, U-boats were probing the U.S. coast. It had never been used extensively under operational conditions, but interwar trials and training suggested that few subs — expected to operate inshore and submerged — would now escape the deadly combination of asdic and depth charges. Taken from The Naval Service of Canada 1910-2010: The Centennial Story "Penarth." The Admiralty Yard Craft Service was the civilian service which operated auxiliary vessels for the British Admiralty, mainly in HM Dockyards or the vicinity. Fisher was the sole survivor of HMCS St.Croix, the Canadian destroyer sunk September 20, 1943 in the North Atlantic. Both Skeena and the U-boat escaped unharmed. Stoker is somewhat a misnomer and the title was abolished in the 1950s; aboard oil-fired vessels and submarines they were operators and maintainers rather than stoking a boiler fire with coal. It was not until November that the first U-boat kill fell to an RCN support group, when Snowberry of EG-5 sank U-536. They perfected systems for classifying bottomed contacts, including profiling them using their navigational echo sounder. Drum Major. For enquiries, contact us. U-132 discovered this on the bright moonlit summer night of the 6 – 7 of July, not far from Rimouski, when it sank three ships from the Quebec-Sidney convoy QS-15.The escorting Bangor-class Drummondville caught U-132 on the surface and tried to ram it; however, the U-boat crash-dived successfully. Writers were primarily clerical, being responsible for legal, pay, welfare and career issues for a crew. While Assiniboine tried to ram and the U-boat tried to steady on course long enough to dive, they traded gunfire. WW1 Medical Military Records Available Online - Search Now! Star above - Stoker Mechanic 26. Thus the advantages of oil, and now diesel, gas or nuclear engines in modern surface fleets, are pretty obvious. By the time ONS-18/0N-202’s escorts arrived in St. John’s, their new CAAT gear was waiting. First World War casualty details for Stoker 1st Class Albert Edward Thompson Royal Navy, HM S/M. The escort had much new equipment aboard, but the radars and HF/DF sets were not yet calibrated and the assigned British destroyer failed to show. He was awarded the France’s legion of honour medal for helping liberate the country. Prime Ministers Winston Churchill and W.L. from:Middlesbrough (d.14th Aug 1941) Bert (or Bertie as my grandmother used to call him) was 21 years old when the Manchester was hit and was one of the casualties. Commander J.D. The burden of this new role fell on the RCN’s corvettes, those jacks-of-all-trades built for local work. This meant that Canadian escorted convoys — roughly 35 percent of the traffic — were more easily intercepted, more easily attacked, and spent longer in the danger area. HMS Formidable. Even the Americans confided to the British their concerns about the ability of the Canadians. TORPEDO: Torpedo Gunner's Mate: Torpedo Coxswain: Leading Torpedoman (Low Power) Leading Torpedoman: Seaman Torpedoman WIRELESS. One can only wonder at what the C groups might have accomplished had they been properly equipped. Stoker First Class, Charles Robert Coleman, HMCS GIFFARD, of Victoria, BC - MID . Drummondville then bracketed the sub with depth charges, inflicting serious damage, but no asdic contact was obtained. The Canadian Navy had long anticipated U-boat attacks in the Gulf. H.M.S. Halifax – The Spring Board by John Horton, in which the flurry of dockyard activity during the Second World War is clearly evident. At the least, HF/DF-directed sweeps reduced the number of U-boats the escort had to fight. Convoys and airpower had reduced the effectiveness of the submarine in 1917–18, but the optimism of naval officers about the submarine problem was fired by the perfection of “asdic” (now called sonar). Although … The RCN had been driven to the brink of collapse in 1942, in the face of enormous enemy pressure. That night, EG-9’s corvettes Morden, Chambly, and Sackville all dodged homing torpedoes, but Itchen was not so fortunate. German radio gloated over the victory, describing Canada’s escort fleet as third rate. Mackenzie King leave the House of Commons, Ottawa, December 30, 1941, after Churchill’s famous ‘Some Chicken! Under pressure to crush the U-boat fleet before the war ended or Germany could deploy the radically new type- XXI and XXIII subs in large numbers, the British increasingly put their better-equipped groups in the hot spots. … It was a devastating blow to Canadian prestige and morale. “I lost my best friend and I … With the loss of Ottawa, and with Assiniboine and St. Laurent in refit, the RCN was now down to one destroyer for each of its four mid-ocean groups. One was sunk by the RCAF early in the battle, while Restigouche used its HF/DF to help drive off shadowers. The Broke was part of the Dover patrol, when it took part in the Battle of Dover Strait in April 1917, during which it was severely damaged after ramming German ship SMS G42 and close quarter fighting took place between the German and British crews. Survivors of the minesweeper HMCS Clayoquot (J174), torpedoed by the German submarine U-806, are rescued by the corvette HMCS Fennel (K194) off Halifax, December 24, 1944. Waterloo County Soldier Information Cards - World War II Last Name First Name Rank Regiment/Battalion Residence [R] or Hometown [H] A Ableson Albert Private H.Q. Something had to be done. A Canadian who had retired from the Royal Navy in 1934, Prentice thought that the nimble and highly manoeuvrable corvette was more than a match for the U-boat, and he taught their crews to launch “quick attacks.” These called for a steady 12-knot speed during both the search and the final depth charge attack. In 1942 the only Canadian ship fitted with HF/DF was Restigouche. 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