instead of. News in Slow German is a site that offers the chance to read about currents events while highlighting tougher words so that you can view their translations. In English we signal a universal statement by avoiding "the" and/or using plural forms of nouns. By continuing to browse our site we'll assume that you're happy with it and that you agree to our use of cookies and our Privacy Policy. In German we have two main indefinite articles: ein and eine. Indefinite Articles: ein Words. When memorizing a noun, study it with its definite article (“the” in English) in the nominative case (der, die or das), as that will help you remember its gender and, therefore, which indefinite article is appropriate. Before we get into the nitty-gritty of German indefinite articles, here are a few tips to expedite the learning process and get you speaking and writing with ease. So, in a nutshell, all you need to remember for the indefinite articles in the accusative case is that 'ein' changes to ' einen ' for a masculine noun. German has three words — der, die and das — for the definite article the. In German, we generally use nouns together with their articles. Repeat the lesson until you can answer the questions easily. Articles with 'ein' A list of all articles beginning with the text 'ein' or articles composed with 'ein'. Das blaue T-Shirt ist schmutzig. (A family lives in the house). I’ll teach you 7 rules to master German (7-Rule-Challenge), Collect codes during the challenge and unlock a reward (an entire story lesson set for free), How to load mp3/pdf files onto mobile devices. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. This site is helpful when reading for context, as well as when examining the use of indefinite articles. While there are ultimately four cases in German (which we’ll get into later), it’s often easier for beginning learners to just focus on distinguishing between the nominative and accusative cases. It often takes learning only a few simple rules to be on your way to fluency. or even. (The man touches a cat. TYPE 1: Definite Articles "The nice man / woman / child / children" Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural NOM der nette Mann die … Continue reading → ), Example: Ein Buch liegt auf dem Tisch. Following adjectives are mixed declined. We planted tree. The indefinite articles (e.g. (indefinite article) 2. In addition to hating ketchup, British spelling and violence, he tweets at @PenOfRyanDennis. Even if you don’t live in Germany, there are a variety of ways to read in German. Meine Frau hat ein neues Auto - es ist sehr schnell. The declension of the article ein is in singular genitive eines and in the plural nominative -. ), Accusative definite articles: den (masculine), die (feminine), das (neuter), Example: Ein Hund sucht den Mann. A definite article (der Definitartikel) is that tiny word in English we refer to as "the. Here’s another reason to enjoy life: once you’ve mastered German indefinite articles in the nominative and accusative cases, it’s pretty easy to get them down for definite articles (ways of saying “the”) as well. German native speakers know mostly intuitively what the article of each noun is. For a feminine noun, only eine can be used (in the nominative case). Most of the changes take place in the article. German Articles can be definite (specific) or indefinite (general). The most common case for weak declension is the construction: (definite article) + (adjective with weak declension) + (Noun) Das schöne Sofa The beautiful sofa . (The princess kisses a frog. German, however, often still needs the noun articles in order to clarify the sentence syntax. Ein (for the numeral) 4. éin (for the numeral, rare) German takes it to a whole new level of complexity. As you continue your studies, you’ll also be introduced to the dative case, which is applied to indirect objects, as well as the genitive case, which is used to express possession. Below, you’ll learn why it’s handier to memorize the definite article as opposed to the indefinite article. German adjective endings aren’t the first thing you need to worry about when you learn German.When you first start learning German, you should focus on the basic German words. German articles and adjectives: step 3 of 4:. Please check your email for further instructions. The declension of ein as a table with all forms in singular (singular) and plural (plural) and in all four cases nominative (1st case), genitive (2nd case), dative (3rd case) and accusative (4th case). After a few times don’t look at the answers anymore. Masculine nouns in the nominative take ein, while they take einen in the accusative. For better or worse, it takes a little more work than that to pick up a language, especially one that can, at times, have specific differences from English. Notice how in these examples the frog, the woman and the house are all receiving the action and, therefore, are in the accusative case. And maybe you’re thinking that one chart wasn’t so bad. Declension article ein When you first start learning German, you might feel quite upbeat and optimistic, thinking “Ok, this doesn’t look that hard, some of it is quite similar to English, like “ Good morning ” = “ Guten Morgen ” or “ Monday ” = “ Montag ”, I can do this!”. The German word for “a,” “an,” or “one” is ein, and like the definite article, the various endings it takes can help you identify case, gender, and number of the following noun phrase.Thus, taking the examples Tisch, Feder and Bett, we have in the nominative and accusative cases: A noun’s gender has little or nothing to do with the meaning of the noun itself. In my next lesson you can listen to the German alphabet. Like with indefinite articles, the definite articles are the same between the nominative and accusative cases, except for masculine nouns. In an informal setting it is common to contract the indefinite article ein to ‘n: Ich habe 'ne Wohnung. In German the accusative is also called the “whom-case” (“der Wenfall”). However, indefinite articles … A man likes beer. In the first case, the teacher is known or relevant. The following chart shows the adjective endings for the nominative case with the definite articles (der, die, das) and the indefinite articles (ein, eine, keine). The "hard" case endings are highlighted in yellow in these tables, and the “soft” adjective endings are underlined. The German indefinite articles: ein/eine are used just like the English letter: a. It translates from English as ‘no’, ‘not a’, and ‘not any’. Das blaue T-Shirt ist schmutzig. GermanCorrector.com is a tool designed to find spelling, as well as basic grammar and stylistic mistakes in German texts. The indefinite articles in German refer to unspecifiedpersons, objects, ideas…etc. ), possessive adjectives ( mein, dein, etc. (A book lays on the table.). By using real-life videos, the content is kept fresh and current. Download: Make sure that you imitate the pronunciation of my voice. After all it is a female person. Ryan Dennis was a Fulbright Scholar and previously taught at Pädagogische Hochschule Schwäbisch Gmünd. Make sure that you imitate the pronunciation of the speaker. and they are: ein, eine, ein, they all mean the indefinite article “ a, an ” in English, ein is used for masculine nouns, eine is used for feminine nouns, ein is used … We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. Feminine articles (“die” and “eine”) and neuter articles (“das” and “ein”) don’t change. If you also practice with my other exercises, the indefinite articles will soon no longer be difficult for you. German is a godsend in it use of ‘kein’ and its various forms. ), Example: Eine Frau schlägt den Mann. We use ein/eine if something is unknown, new or non specific and we use it only with singular nouns. (indefinite article) 5. Unsure whether you should be saying der, die or das? But how can a word be so simple in English and yet so complicated in another language? Learn German and test your knowledge with the GermanZone.org Online Workbook. Now that you’re fully equipped with tips on how to tackle indefinite articles in German, let’s get down to the grammar. (Download). Experienced German teachers prepared easy articles and simple conversations in German for beginners (level A1 and A2) and intermediates (level B1 and B2) to evaluate your comprehension and leave you feeling challenged and satisfied. In German, nouns are identified in a sentence as masculine (der), feminine (die), and neuter (das). Akkiz Coskun, teacher of German from Ediene Koleji in Turkey, has provided an outstanding method for the learning of the articles through the theme of body parts. Tip: If the article of the singular noun is die you use eine otherwise ein. The definite article is the word for the.There are four different definite articles in German, depending on the gender and number of the noun. Congrats! I’m the creator of this website and if you like, I’m going to teach you German up to a fluent level. Nominative Case in German: Section 1. For Example: die Frau = eine Frau. We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, Get regular language learning tips, resources and updates, starting with the "Complete Guide to Foreign Language Immersion" e-book, Sign up for our weekly blog newsletter for a chance to win a free FluentU Plus subscription (value $240). Mixed declension of Adjectives. The indefinite articles for the accusative case are as follows: Example: Die Prinzessin küsst einen Frosch. However, they are all declined based on grammatical case and gender. In the exercises, you can practise what you have learnt. The article tells us the gender, number, and case of the noun. Learn about articles in German grammar with Lingolia’s online lesson. “Der” turns into “den” and “ein” into “einen”. Ich habe eine Wohnung I have an apartment There was once a time when learning a language was relegated to dusty textbooks and studying the same boring examples over and over again. As noted later on, one way that German differs from English is that all nouns have a gender. This way, you have a truly personalized learning experience. That’s because most of the simple sentences that those beginning to learn German will use are likely to be in either of these two cases, and the article is only different in one of the genders. Articlesare the words that come before nouns to describe what the the noun refers to. are different ways of saying ‘a’ in German. Unsure whether you should be saying der, die or das? In German language, there are three definite articles for nouns in singular: der for masculine nouns, die for feminine nouns and das neutral nouns. FluentU brings German to life with real-world videos. See more on this subject in lessons “Cases”.) When reading German (and do start reading it, no matter your level), keep an eye out for when ein, eine and einen are used. Der eingeblendete Hinweis Banner dient dieser Informationspflicht. Ich kaufe Schwester meiner Frau weiße Blumen. The gender of a noun is one of the determining factors in deciding which definite and indefinite articles are appropriate for a sentence. The little word in front of the noun, the article, will tell you the gender. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons, Sick of 99 Luftballons? Luckily, with the advent of the internet, we now have more engaging ways to learn a language in context, even if we can’t travel to a German-speaking country. The article is also identified for plural (die). Und (and) wer schreibt – eine Frau oder ein Mädchen? An article is a kind of adjective that gives some information about a noun. If you’re more into something provocative and bawdy, check out the popular German tabloid Bild (Picture). Check out the German definite articles Grammar Challenge on Clozemaster – practice choosing and declining the correct definite article for thousands sentences in German! Men like beer. GERMAN INDEFINTE ARTICLES – EIN, EINE. but: das Mädchen = ein Mädchen. The indefinite articles for the nominative case are as follows: Example: Ein Frosch küsst die Prinzessin. What’s an article? >>> Indefinite Articles: ein, eine. Definite articles in the nominative case ... Ein Fotoapparat liegt auf den Boden. German nouns & articles. Read on to discover some tips to enhance your German language. Nominative definite articles: der (masculine), die (feminine), das (neuter), Example: Der Mann berührt eine Katze. The indefinite article ("a" or "an" in English) is ein or eine in German. Confused by the German articles? Just like for der words, it’s easiest to memorize the strings of articles for each case. In addition, there are certain prepositions that always take the accusative. Pronunciation . The root of each is the article ein. The "hard" case endings are highlighted in yellow in these tables, and the “soft” adjective endings are underlined. Accusative Case in German: Section 2. Also easy, right? The highlighted letters are the signal or “hard” endings; in addition to der/die/das, they apply as above to the following definite articles: dieser … German nouns & articles. There are two kinds: 1. the definite article, 'the' 2. the indefinite articles, 'a/an' In English we have one definite article that we used for all nouns, 'the', and two indefinite articles, 'a/an', that are distinguished by whether or not the noun that follows it begins with a vowel or consonant. Follow the link and listen to the examples several times before trying to answer the questions. Is the noun the subject of the sentence and the person or thing that does the action? can take anywhere. The indefinite articles in German refer to unspecified persons, objects, ideas…etc. The definite article for neuter words is das and the indefinite ein. To further clarify what is happening here, take a look at the two German sentences below. "In German, we have three: der, die, das.As in English, they are also placed before the noun (or their modifying adjectives). Accordingly, German uses definite articles more often than English does. Please note that the word Mädchen has the article das and therefore we must use ein Mädchen and not eine Mädchen. After all, if a measly indefinite article is so tough to get one’s head around, what hope do people have to learn the rest … They are committing the action and are, therefore, in the nominative case. What do you notice about the word grau ? However: Männer mögen Bier. For every lesson, a list of vocabulary is provided for easy reference and bolstered with plenty of examples of how each word is used in a sentence. No matter how many rules a language may have, many of them can be picked up intuitively. Eventually, you’ll be able to naturally distinguish between the cases, as well as to remember the gender of more nouns. Taking the time to delve into these small nuances goes a long way to helping you sound like a native speaker when you communicate. Take the quiz on the German articles "ein" and "kein". Further search options and filters in the Netzverb Dictionary (www.verblisten.de). The indefinite articles for feminine and neuter nouns don’t change, making them one less thing you have to worry about once you’ve determined they’re in either the nominative or accusative cases. Nonetheless, once you peek behind the curtain on grammar points such as selecting the appropriate indefinite articles, you’ll find that German isn’t that scary after all. Neuter words in plural still take the definite article die. Articles are little (but important) words such as ‘the’ and ‘a’. Whether to use a definite or an indefinite article in German is very similar to how you would use them in English. All Rights Reserved. This can be tricky for the native English speaker, since the articles "the" and "a" are not differentiated in English and adjectives do … Overview: German lessons for beginners. The most common mixed declension is the structure: (indefinite article) + (adjective with mixed declension) + (Noun) Ein schönes Sofa A beautiful sofa As you can see, German definite articles – in all their variety – carry a lot more information than does our one-size-fits-all, English "the." Watch authentic media to simultaneously immerse yourself in the German language and build an understanding of the German culture. The German indefinite articles: ein/eine are used just like the English letter: a. Hi, my name is Lucas Kern from Germany. She uses a symbol for each article, and thereby visualizes the corresponding body parts: There is no plural existing for the indefinite articles. German is notorious for difficult grammar, and the different ways of saying “a/an” (ein, eine and einen) don’t offer much to disprove such notions. An Easier Way to Learn German Declensions: READ THE ARTICLE TO UNDERSTAND HOW TO USE THIS CHART Download the All-In-One Declension Chart ‘cheat sheet’ here. For example, in the sentence “A dog licks a boy,” the dog is the subject of the sentence and, therefore, in the nominative case. Note: If we have a plural noun we don’t use the indefinite article in German at all: Ein Mann mag Bier. German declension is the paradigm that German uses to define all the ways articles, adjectives and sometimes nouns can change their form to reflect their role in the sentence: subject, object, etc. The German word for 'car' is neuter and is the direct object of the sentence, so the accusative case is used. (Männer = plural noun). Download one of my mini stories for free. Start using FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet or practice anytime, anywhere on the mobile app for iOS and Android. That was a first exercise on the German indefinite articles. Contraction of the indefinite article in slang. The Indefinite Article ein The German word for “a,” “an,” or “one” is ein, and like the definite article, the various endings it takes can help you identify case, gender, and number of the following noun phrase. The nominative case is used when the noun is the subject of the sentence, or the person or thing that does the action. (A camera is lying on the floor ). 'n (for the article, in informal writing) 3. Read on to discover some tips to enhance your German language. Click here to get a copy. This is the indefinite article. Hovering over or tapping on any word in the subtitles will automatically pause the video and instantly display its meaning. Just click, read, and then answer the … The German language has nouns with three genders IPA : /aɪ̯n/ (standard) IPA : /ən/, /n̩/ (for the article, chiefly colloquial) With that in mind, below is a simple and effective guide to figuring out when you should use ein, eine and einen. While the German language has certain aspects that are distinctly different than English or the romance languages, the good news is that these grammar rules can be easily learned and mastered. Mutter von Maxime ist krank. (definite article) 6. From Middle High German ein, from Old High German ein. The more you immerse yourself in the language, the easier it is to digest the grammar as it comes along. As alluded to earlier, German nouns are always one of three genders: masculine, feminine or neuter. Did you read my explanations in steps 1 German definite article and step 2 German indefinite article?. German is classified as a different type of language from English: German is an inflected language and English is an analytic language.. Part of that difference means that, in German, we must learn slightly different ways to say the same words — for example, different articles!. In German, almost every noun belongs to one of the following three gender groups: Masculine (der), feminine (die), or neuter (das). (definite article) 4. FluentU is one of the best websites and apps for learning German the way native speakers really use it. (The boy sees a woman. There are indefinite articles (ein, eine) and definite articles (der, die, das). One can not only inflect ein, but all German articles. The button will take you to my store, where you can download the story for free. Topics cover a lot of ground as you can see here: Vocabulary and phrases are learned with the help of interactive subtitles and full transcripts. After a few repetitions go on to part B (farther below). How to Improve Your German Accent with Audio Clips, How to Hear Real German Conversations, Anywhere (with English Translations! German Indefinite Articles. You know that in German a noun always uses a certain case (nominative, dative, etc.). Interesting words you don’t know yet can be added to a to-learn list for later. German definite article, indefinite article, possessive article, negative article + adjective . In German, "einige" (some) is sometimes used to refer to an indefinite number of objects (plural). What You Need To Know. The articles ( der, ein, kein, etc. In German we have two indefinite articles: ein and eine. The German word for 'car' is neuter and is the direct object of the sentence, so the accusative case is used. Is it a direct object that receives the action? How to use the German indefinite articles. In German, however, there are … German articles - like adjectives and pronouns - have the same plural forms for all three genders. Well, I know it is strange but we have an exception here. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn German with real-world videos. The same is true for the indefinite articles… Sie können das Setzen von Cookies in Ihren Browser Einstellungen allgemein oder für bestimmte Webseiten verhindern. If you want to dig deeper into the subject matter of the articles, have a look at Collins Dictionary. German is notorious for difficult grammar, and the different ways of saying “a/an” (ein, eine and einen) don’t offer much to disprove such notions. Even if it seems to be a very long way, it will pay off in the end. , kein, etc. ), objects, ideas…etc please note that noun. The exercises, you ’ ll be able to continuously improve it, we use ein Mädchen it! ( der, die and das — for the masculine articles “ german article ein ” turns into “ ”... Further, you have the nominative take ein, but all German articles can be added to particular. B1 intermediate, B2 advanced the feminine die, the best way to fluency the speaker words —,... The teacher is not known or irrelevant especially for German learners the declension! Fluentu on the German articles Clips, how to Hear Real German Conversations, anywhere ( English. Learn why it ’ s not all ; the form we went through above isonly for the articles... To enhance your German Accent with Audio Clips, how to say the in German, we use. Is that all nouns in German is very similar to how you would use them English... It to a particular object words that come before nouns to describe the... ), can be used ( in the article, will tell you the gender 20 Bops... English pronunciation, others are slightly different lessons online for free rare ) German nouns are always one three! To naturally distinguish between the cases, except for masculine or … all nouns have a gender form went. Are certain prepositions that always take the quiz on the mobile app for iOS Android! 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Doers ” of the noun is a direct object that receives the action and are,,. From Old High German ein, eine and einen indefinite articles German reference... Button will take you to my store, where you can easily answer the questions adaptive., kein, etc. ) ” ) when you have the same between the nominative german article ein.... No plural existing for the indefinite articles ( ein, kein, etc. ) so it up. To in… in German, `` einige '' ( some ) is ein or eine German...: if the article the principles for the accusative articles … the indefinite articles in German, we generally nouns... Sure that you imitate the pronunciation of the sentence, so the accusative is also called the whom-case. German indefinite articles in German is very similar to how you would use them English... Letter: a Bild ( Picture ) will pay off in the nominative case ) Low en! Mann malt ein Haus your mind ; it will help you to in… in German, `` ''... Clarify the sentence syntax are used just like the English letter: a all! Some german article ein is sometimes used to refer to a whole new level of complexity newspapers. Same between the nominative case ) in an informal setting it is up to you to my store, you... Reading for context, as well as when examining the use of indefinite articles will soon no longer be for. Meine Frau hat ein neues Auto - es ist sehr schnell on case quiz site ( English. Of adjective that gives some information about a noun is one of the adjective: 1 online. Always one of the determining factors in deciding which definite and indefinite articles, the indefinite articles ( der die! Simple and effective guide to figuring out when you communicate ) is ein eine! Opposed to the English letter: a plural die German articles - like adjectives and pronouns have! Exercises, the content is kept fresh and current you learn German through immersion online, online... With Audio Clips, how to improve your German Accent with Audio Clips, how to your., each of the singular noun is a godsend in it use of ‘ kein ’ and a... Wonder why we don ’ t know yet german article ein be picked up intuitively for products and we... And gender the Netzverb Dictionary ( www.verblisten.de ) Section 3 be added to to-learn. Uses definite articles in order to optimize our website for you a book lays on the word... Wonder why we don ’ t so bad ( Picture ) in English ) when we use words... Websites to learn German with real-world videos can be used ( in the case., objects, ideas…etc and `` kein '' a German sentence makes a universal statement by avoiding `` the and/or! ' n ( for the numeral, rare ) German nouns & articles three... Yet can be definite ( specific ) or indefinite article, dated ) 2 did you read my explanations steps! Accusative cases, as well as to german article ein the gender, number, and the “ ”. Instantly display its meaning to the indefinite article, it is common to contract indefinite! Optimize our website for you to in… in German for those instances in German ain... Serving ‘ Em up, Fool the Locals is tested with the help of adaptive quizzes which. Gender has little or nothing to do with the meaning of the two German sentences below noun use... He tweets at @ PenOfRyanDennis of objects ( plural ) media to simultaneously immerse yourself in the case! Videos—Like music videos, news and inspiring talks t know yet can be picked up intuitively are,,... Display its meaning German through immersion online, want online German grammar reference the! Picks up an ending in three places Dutch een, English one, Danish en, Norwegian ein. With real-world videos using real-life videos, the indefinite article in plural is always “ ein ”. ) Conversations. Is it a direct object of the sentence and the amazon logo are trademarks of,... Opposed to the German language number of objects ( plural ) before trying answer! 7 Fab Sites that are Serving ‘ Em up, Fool the Locals more on subject... Any word in the accusative case are as follows: Example: die Prinzessin küsst einen Frosch articles the... Informal setting it is strange but we have two indefinite articles that does the?... To discover some tips to enhance your German language and build an understanding the! You move on to discover some tips to enhance your German language and build understanding! Is a kind of adjective that gives some information about a noun ’ s basically there. Or the person or thing that does the action and are,,. Article and step 2 German indefinite articles … the indefinite articles in German, however non-native! The German indefinite articles … the indefinite articles: ein, from Old High German,... Rare ) German nouns are always one of three genders: masculine, feminine or neuter the:! Use it anytime, anywhere on the gender Einstellungen allgemein oder für bestimmte Webseiten verhindern later,!, take a look at Collins Dictionary little ( but important ) words such as ‘ the ’ its. Matter how many rules a language may have, many of them can be definite ( specific ) indefinite... Cookies finden sie hier ein, eine, einen, etc. ) check out the German articles `` ''... Real-World videos—like music videos, the indefinite article ein to ‘ n: Ich habe 'ne Wohnung that noun... Www.Verblisten.De ) to part B ( farther below ) German articles and adjectives: step 3 of 4...., a popular quiz site media to simultaneously immerse yourself in the nominative and accusative cases, except for nouns... 7 Fab Sites that are inflected to display grammatical relations other than the main form to... Accordingly, German nouns are always one of the changes take place in the nominative is. Indefinite number of objects ( plural ) on your way to fluency Fulbright. The link and listen a few repetitions go on to discover some tips to your... Simple in English ) when we refer to unspecifiedpersons, objects,.. `` einige '' ( some ) is ein or eine in German t!, want online German grammar reference from the University of Texas at Austin Fotoapparat! The '' and/or using plural forms for all three genders: masculine, feminine or german article ein! And answers noun ’ s case, the content is kept fresh and current practice choosing and declining correct., in informal writing ) 3 how to say the in German Section. The neutral das and the “ doers ” of the word Mädchen ( girl ) en. Little bit more confusing with neuter movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks—and turns them personalized. Article das and the plural nominative - Kern from Germany news and inspiring talks neutral! Genders: masculine, feminine or neuter and oldest newspapers, der (.